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Monday, November 18

  1. page home edited Wilson Ortiz TROY IS AWESOME!!!!!!!!! machupiccu make Gender and Politics in the Inca Empire Th…
    Wilson Ortiz TROY IS AWESOME!!!!!!!!! machupiccu make
    Gender and Politics in the Inca Empire
    The argument or problem that will be presented in this wiki is gender roles and political “reciprocity” among the Inca Empire. I seek to explore whether or not women served a larger purpose than just a bride service and also whether or not the tributary system was a system of reciprocity or just an ingenious way of coercion. In addition to that, I would like to examine through my own idea of culture whether or not conquered peoples of the Inca Empire felt a loss or gain of identity post conquest. Examining the culture from a postmodernism perspective will be the best way that I can produce any knowledge that is of “real” quality. On that same note Garcilaso de la Vegas’ Por Que soy Indio: La Florida del Inca and Comentarios reales de los Conquistadores will also serve as a tool to better understand Inca culture in pre and post colonialism that means nesza izz kool!!!!
    (view changes)

Tuesday, May 7

  1. page home edited ... IS AWESOME!!!!!!!!! machupiccu make me feel like 1 million bucks Gender and Politics in th…
    ...
    IS AWESOME!!!!!!!!! machupiccu make me feel like 1 million bucks
    Gender and Politics in the Inca Empire
    The argument or problem that will be presented in this wiki is gender roles and political “reciprocity” among the Inca Empire. I seek to explore whether or not women served a larger purpose than just a bride service and also whether or not the tributary system was a system of reciprocity or just an ingenious way of coercion. In addition to that, I would like to examine through my own idea of culture whether or not conquered peoples of the Inca Empire felt a loss or gain of identity post conquest. Examining the culture from a postmodernism perspective will be the best way that I can produce any knowledge that is of “real” quality. On that same note Garcilaso de la Vegas’ Por Que soy Indio: La Florida del Inca and Comentarios reales de los Conquistadores will also serve as a tool to better understand Inca culture in pre and post colonialism that means nesza izz kool!!!!
    (view changes)
  2. page home edited Wilson Ortiz TROY IS AWESOME!!!!!!!!! Gender and Politics in the Inca Empire The argument or pr…
    Wilson Ortiz TROY IS AWESOME!!!!!!!!!
    Gender and Politics in the Inca Empire
    The argument or problem that will be presented in this wiki is gender roles and political “reciprocity” among the Inca Empire. I seek to explore whether or not women served a larger purpose than just a bride service and also whether or not the tributary system was a system of reciprocity or just an ingenious way of coercion. In addition to that, I would like to examine through my own idea of culture whether or not conquered peoples of the Inca Empire felt a loss or gain of identity post conquest. Examining the culture from a postmodernism perspective will be the best way that I can produce any knowledge that is of “real” quality. On that same note Garcilaso de la Vegas’ Por Que soy Indio: La Florida del Inca and Comentarios reales de los Conquistadores will also serve as a tool to better understand Inca culture in pre and post colonialism that means nesza izz kool!!!!
    (view changes)

Monday, August 22

  1. page home edited Wilson Ortiz Gender and Politics in the Inca Empire ... post colonialism that means nesza izz …
    Wilson Ortiz
    Gender and Politics in the Inca Empire
    ...
    post colonialism that means nesza izz kool!!!!
    {peru.jpg}
    It’s impossible to comprehend the extent of a social construct such as gender roles, but through ethnographic research and ethnologies to compare South American culture groups, the picture is becoming clearer. (Hendon 49) To understand the gender differences of the Inca Empire we first have to understand how they were created and/or where they started. Before Tawantisuyu, the four regions of the Inca Empire, there were several tribes that ruled different territories around South America, specifically around the Andes. These pre-Columbian groups were sedentary hunter/gatherers which were divided by kin groups. (Silverblatt 39) Women in these groups had just as many rights towards resources as men did. His equality was shown through gift giving. (Silverblatt 39) As these groups of kin begin to form moieties, South American culture grew more and more complex. It was becoming what anthropologists refer today as “Lo Andino.”
    ...
    part of Incan culture. Future insight into this project will provide more data to support this argument and what it means to be part of “Lo Andino.”
    {incas.jpg}
    Bibliography
    Gose,

    Gose,
    Peter. “The
    ...
    Tributaries in the InkatheInka Empire American
    ...
    1 (Mar., 2000). Published2000).Published by: Blackwell
    ...
    Identity in the ComentariostheComentarios reales de
    ...
    No. 1 (Spring, 2002.(Spring,2002. Published by:
    ...
    Anthropology, Vol. 25, (1996).25,(1996). Published by: Annual Reviews. 45-6.45-6.
    Rabasa, Jose
    ...
    Florida del Inca.” PoeticsInca.”Poetics Today, Vol.
    ...
    Imaginary Constructions: The CaseTheCase of (Latin).
    ...
    Press. 79-108.
    Silverblatt,

    Silverblatt,
    Irene. Andean
    ...
    No. 3 (Oct., 1978)(Oct.,1978) Published by:
    Wikiboard
    (view changes)

Friday, May 1

  1. page home edited ... {peru.jpg} It’s impossible to comprehend the extent of a social construct such as gender rol…
    ...
    {peru.jpg}
    It’s impossible to comprehend the extent of a social construct such as gender roles, but through ethnographic research and ethnologies to compare South American culture groups, the picture is becoming clearer. (Hendon 49) To understand the gender differences of the Inca Empire we first have to understand how they were created and/or where they started. Before Tawantisuyu, the four regions of the Inca Empire, there were several tribes that ruled different territories around South America, specifically around the Andes. These pre-Columbian groups were sedentary hunter/gatherers which were divided by kin groups. (Silverblatt 39) Women in these groups had just as many rights towards resources as men did. His equality was shown through gift giving. (Silverblatt 39) As these groups of kin begin to form moieties, South American culture grew more and more complex. It was becoming what anthropologists refer today as “Lo Andino.”
    {Inca.jpg} From
    From
    one such
    ...
    (Gose 84)
    Women under the mink’a system were chosen specifically for there beauty by Inca nobility and were taken to Cuzco. There they would be put in isolation where they would make fine textiles, serve food and be prepared, both mentally and emotionally, to be wed. These young girls were taken from all over the Inca territories as a way of symbolizing, not only Inca power, but male domination. Ironically, by being taken and subjugated to a type of imprisonment, there status was considerably higher. The men that got married to women of the mink’a got land and a higher status. (Gose 85) These “chosen women” would be able to have rights and privileges that other women didn’t have. (Gose 86) They were also considered to represent Inca culture as a whole. (Gose 85) This is also, a type of display ritual and exchange system that functions to reinforce power and a social construct. (Hendon 49)
    {inca_women_weaving.jpg}
    (view changes)
    12:04 pm
  2. page home edited ... The argument or problem that will be presented in this wiki is gender roles and political “rec…
    ...
    The argument or problem that will be presented in this wiki is gender roles and political “reciprocity” among the Inca Empire. I seek to explore whether or not women served a larger purpose than just a bride service and also whether or not the tributary system was a system of reciprocity or just an ingenious way of coercion. In addition to that, I would like to examine through my own idea of culture whether or not conquered peoples of the Inca Empire felt a loss or gain of identity post conquest. Examining the culture from a postmodernism perspective will be the best way that I can produce any knowledge that is of “real” quality. On that same note Garcilaso de la Vegas’ Por Que soy Indio: La Florida del Inca and Comentarios reales de los Conquistadores will also serve as a tool to better understand Inca culture in pre and post colonialism
    {peru.jpg}
    ...
    “Lo Andino.”
    {Inca.jpg}
    From

    {Inca.jpg} From
    one such
    ...
    (Gose 84)
    Women

    Women
    under the
    ...
    (Hendon 49)
    {inca_women_weaving.jpg}
    ...
    (Hendon 49)
    Whether

    Whether
    or not
    ...
    the question we
    we
    should be
    ...
    using blunt force
    force
    to attain
    ...
    several tribes fought
    fought
    against the
    ...
    independence? The answer,
    answer,
    I Think
    ...
    rose, it had
    had
    cemented a
    ...
    explain why tribes
    tribes
    would believe
    ...
    the Incas shared
    shared
    and borrowed
    ...
    without the concern
    concern
    of the
    ...
    energy they invested
    invested
    for the
    ...
    draw this conclusion
    conclusion
    from the
    ...
    It’s a very
    very
    un-western thing
    ...
    neighboring foe. But
    But
    with the
    ...
    seems different.
    The

    {francisco-pizarro-2.jpg}
    The
    Comentarios depicts
    ...
    dialogue and interaction
    interaction
    with their
    ...
    model. Garcilaso specifically
    specifically
    manipulates the
    ...
    of a male-gendered,male-
    gendered,
    civilized conqueror
    ...
    (Heid 93)
    The

    {Francisco_Pizarro's_Route.gif}
    The
    paradigm between
    ...
    the invasion of
    of
    Spanish conquistadors.
    ...
    it was inevitably
    inevitably
    going to
    ...
    themselves as “conquistadors,”
    “conquistadors,”
    they couldn’t
    ...
    of native blood
    blood
    were seen
    ...
    identity have to
    to
    be once
    ...
    gender roles, how
    how
    different he
    ...
    that he didn’t
    didn’t
    identify with
    ...
    perplexing and complicated
    complicated
    because he
    ...
    that could asiimilate
    asiimilate
    an Indian,
    ...
    as European and
    and
    Inca, but
    ...
    but worthy of
    of
    analysis: I
    ...
    Mestizos, in the
    the
    modern day
    ...
    an effort by
    by
    Europeans and
    ...
    grey area.
    Gender

    {Mestizo.jpg}
    Gender
    and political
    ...
    by Spanish customs.
    customs.
    And even
    ...
    see today share
    share
    the same
    ...
    the culture will
    will
    remain static
    ...
    the identity of
    of
    the culture
    ...
    and the creation
    creation
    of states.
    ...
    systems of kin
    kin
    and geography
    ...
    a small part
    part
    of Incan
    ...
    “Lo Andino.”
    {incas.jpg}

    Bibliography
    Gose, Peter. “The State as a Chosen Woman: Brideservice and the Feeding of Tributaries in the Inka Empire American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 102, No. 1 (Mar., 2000). Published by: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of the American Anthropological Association. 84-97.
    (view changes)
    12:02 pm
  3. page home edited ... Gender and Politics in the Inca Empire The argument or problem that will be presented in this…
    ...
    Gender and Politics in the Inca Empire
    The argument or problem that will be presented in this wiki is gender roles and political “reciprocity” among the Inca Empire. I seek to explore whether or not women served a larger purpose than just a bride service and also whether or not the tributary system was a system of reciprocity or just an ingenious way of coercion. In addition to that, I would like to examine through my own idea of culture whether or not conquered peoples of the Inca Empire felt a loss or gain of identity post conquest. Examining the culture from a postmodernism perspective will be the best way that I can produce any knowledge that is of “real” quality. On that same note Garcilaso de la Vegas’ Por Que soy Indio: La Florida del Inca and Comentarios reales de los Conquistadores will also serve as a tool to better understand Inca culture in pre and post colonialism
    {peru.jpg}
    It’s impossible to comprehend the extent of a social construct such as gender roles, but through ethnographic research and ethnologies to compare South American culture groups, the picture is becoming clearer. (Hendon 49) To understand the gender differences of the Inca Empire we first have to understand how they were created and/or where they started. Before Tawantisuyu, the four regions of the Inca Empire, there were several tribes that ruled different territories around South America, specifically around the Andes. These pre-Columbian groups were sedentary hunter/gatherers which were divided by kin groups. (Silverblatt 39) Women in these groups had just as many rights towards resources as men did. His equality was shown through gift giving. (Silverblatt 39) As these groups of kin begin to form moieties, South American culture grew more and more complex. It was becoming what anthropologists refer today as “Lo Andino.”
    {Inca.jpg}
    From one such tribe settled in Cuzco, the Inca Empire arises. Male roles within pre-Columbian households in Inca culture provided the same amount of social importance to a family unit as a female. Females to a certain extent fulfilled one of the biggest roles in the Inca Empire; they were given as wives as a way of manipulating there kin structured government. Essentially, the Inca empire was cementing there right to govern by introducing there lineage into conquered peoples own lineages. In this way, women seem to be holding all of the Inca Empire in place and providing a function within the society. The Inka were gendered in complex and apparently contradictory ways. In military contexts, it became masculine, emphasizing conquest as the basis of men’s individual matrimonial claims and the Inka sovereign right to ‘give’ them women. However, in its civilian tributary system, the Inka state assumed female guise, providing food, drink, and clothing to dependent tributaries as an expression of its political-econominc power, according to the Andean idiom of mink’a. (Gose 84)
    Women under the mink’a system were chosen specifically for there beauty by Inca nobility and were taken to Cuzco. There they would be put in isolation where they would make fine textiles, serve food and be prepared, both mentally and emotionally, to be wed. These young girls were taken from all over the Inca territories as a way of symbolizing, not only Inca power, but male domination. Ironically, by being taken and subjugated to a type of imprisonment, there status was considerably higher. The men that got married to women of the mink’a got land and a higher status. (Gose 85) These “chosen women” would be able to have rights and privileges that other women didn’t have. (Gose 86) They were also considered to represent Inca culture as a whole. (Gose 85) This is also, a type of display ritual and exchange system that functions to reinforce power and a social construct. (Hendon 49)
    {inca_women_weaving.jpg}
    Another gender associated role was beer making. There would be feasts that men would have and women would make all the beer. In stable isotope analysis of skeletons, it showed that women’s diet had a lot less corn in it than males, which means that women weren’t participating as much in these feasts. (Hendon 49)
    ...
    seems different. The
    The
    Comentarios depicts
    The paradigm between male and female gender roles and the political decisions they affect only get worse or better, depending on how you look at it, with the invasion of Spanish conquistadors. When Francisco Pizarro conquered the Inca Empire, much the culture disappeared. Some rebellion kept Inca culture alive but it was inevitably going to vanquish because the Spanish way of conquering a society is much different than the Incas. Even though the Incas saw themselves as “conquistadors,” they couldn’t accept/understand getting conquered. With Pizarro’s run over the Inca territory a new way of doing things was imposed. People of native blood were seen as inferior to the European conquistadors. But when colonialists started having concubines and having Mestizo children, gender roles and identity have to be once again evaluated and taught to both cultures. Garcilaso de la Vega is a Mestizo who understood, before any anthropologist pondered did idea of gender roles, how different he really was. Clearly, Garcilaso’s marginality is inseparable from the European ascendancy. (Rabasa and Abarbanel 80) He was able to identify that he didn’t identify with neither one culture nor the other but with both equally. For a Spanish conquistador having a Mestizo child must have been equally as perplexing and complicated because he doesn’t know how to incorporate or not incorporate his own flesh and blood into his life. There was no class in that structure that could asiimilate an Indian, mestizo, and a bastard as one of its own. (Rabasa and Abarbanel 81) Its one thing to have a simple dichotomy as black and white or as European and Inca, but when there is a grey area people are confused and want to identify that grey area with either the black or the white side. (This is an afterthought but worthy of analysis: I figure these are the reasons why a black person might refer to another black person who’s in higher class than he is as a “white black man.” Mestizos, in the modern day usually have a higher status among native groups of South America but at the same time have a lower status than westerners. This has been an effort by Europeans and Mestizos that share the same ideology to pick a side so there isn’t a grey area.
    ...
    “Lo Andino.”
    Bibliography
    Gose, Peter. “The State as a Chosen Woman: Brideservice and the Feeding of Tributaries in the Inka Empire American Anthropologist, New Series, Vol. 102, No. 1 (Mar., 2000). Published by: Blackwell Publishing on behalf of the American Anthropological Association. 84-97.
    (view changes)
    10:18 am
  4. file Mestizo.jpg uploaded
    10:15 am

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